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Planting bareroot roses 

img 3342 Planting bareroot roses 

As we move more towards the middle of November, the Rose nurseries start lifting the bareroot roses from the ground. What are bareroot roses I hear some of you ask? Well there’s two main ways of buying roses, first one is in a pot with compost that allows the rose to be sold all year around and planted all year around, that’s called containerised. The second way is what is called bareroot and that is just as it sounds, the Rose is dug up without any soil and is sold on like this. As there’s no soil on the roots, this can only happen during the dormant season ie the winter. Main advantages over containerised roses is the cost, generally speaking they are much cheaper to plant this way, other advantage is you can buy a wider range of roses bareroot as it is more cost effective for the growers to grow small amounts of some varieties. It is also felt that bareroot Plants also can establish better as the root system isn’t trained into a pot and will push out into the surrounding soil much better.

Whatever the reason you wish to choose, it is a great time to order and plant bareroot roses and hopefully my simple method will help you to get the best start for them if you are trying it for the first time

img 3335 11 Planting bareroot roses 
First thing you need to do is dig a hole, the hole should be ideally about 40cm square and deep. I always do square holes as it helps to force roots out of the planting hole. With circular holes, the roots can go round and round but in square holes, they can’t, they hit a corner and then have to break out into the wider bed around them
img 3336 Planting bareroot roses 
Add about a handful of good fertiliser around the hole and at the bottom of the hole. Vitax Q4 or blood, fish and bonemeal are good choices. I also add some good compost around the hole at this stage, I prefer to use garden compost or recycled green waste product like pro grow rather than manure. This is because the manure is too strong for the mycorrhizal and will kill it off
img 1720 Planting bareroot roses 
Add some form of mycorrhizal to the bare root plant , mycorrhizal is forms of friendly fungus that live on all plant roots, they form a symbolic relationship with the plant, helping it to get up more water and nutrients from the soil, this can be up to 1/3 more. It is a naturally occurring around all plants but in cases of bareroot Plants, it’s all been left behind, so they will benefit from some being added. This will help the plant establish much quicker and grow away much stronger than one without it. There’s 2 ways of adding it at this stage, best way is to use a root dip, which is a paste mixed to wallpaper paste thick and has the mycorrhizal added to and then you just dip the roses into it. This is ideal if you are planting a lot of roses
img 3338 Planting bareroot roses 
Then you put the rose carefully into the middle of the hole, I would also aim to have the base of the rose ie where all the stems are coming from, about 25mm deeper than the surrounding soil height. if you are adding dry mycorrhizal instead of the root dip, I sprinkle half on the exposed roots now
img 3340 Planting bareroot roses 
Next stage is to work the soil into the gaps around the roots using your fingers and firming it in as you go. Once I have gone halfway up, I add the rest of the dry form of mycorrhizal if I am using it

img 3342 Planting bareroot roses 
And then back fill the rest of the soil around the plant being careful not to bury the stems of the roses. All you need to do now is tidy up any rough cut stems down to a bud, remove any weaker growths down to the base and try and aim for 3-4 good stems from the root stock, if there’s less, done worry, and enjoy the rose in the summer months
 

And that is all there is to it, nice and simple. If you would like further advice, please feel free to ask away 

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Pruning once flowering rambling roses

img 2858 Pruning once flowering rambling roses

Pruning roses always seem to have a mist of confusion around them, no matter where I go, who I talk too or indeed listen too, roses are one plant that leaves them confused when it comes to pruning. What to prune, when to prune, taking too much off, not taking enough off. It’s no wonder really with so much Conflicting advice around in books, the internet, magazines and on telly. Hopefully over the next couple of years, I will go through my own methods of pruning and hopefully explain how I get the best from the roses I look after and hopefully make it a little clearer! 
To prune any plant no matter what it is, you have to know not only what it is, how it flowers and grows but also what you want from it. Now the first two I can help with but the 3rd is down to you to decide. First of all what it is the difference between rambling and climbing roses, this is the hardest part for most people, so many times I get asked what is the difference between a rambler and a climber. A climbing rose is basically a shrub or bush rose that grows too big to be grown without any support, as a shrub or bush rose it needs a framework of wood 2+years old in the plant to allow it to flower the best. While a rambler is the true climber, it uses long growths to scrabble over anything it’s path whether it’s a tree, building, rock face or even the ground. These new growths can be up to 25ft in one year depending on the variety grown. These new stems are the best for producing flowers the following year, i.e. Wood that’s  1 year old at time of flowering. The 2nd year old wood tends to produce smaller flowers on the growths, but also produces new longer stems further from the base which maybe too long to use on a frame or a structure. These long and mainly flexible current growing stems makes them ideal for wrapping around features like poles, ropes and arches. This also encourages the rose to flower from the bottom to the top. There are 2 types of ramblers, the repeat flowering and the once flowering. It is the once flowering ones we are looking at during this blog. Again once flowering rambling can be divided up into 2 types, those who produce hips and those that don’t. Pruning is the same for both, just the hip forming ones can be done in February while the none hip forms can be done now or once they have flowered. Reason being that all the flowering wood is removed to encourage these new growths to grow even more. This is because with removing the flowered wood, it puts more effort and energy into the new wood and this will grow even more  after pruning. That said a weekly feed of liquid seaweed and a handful of vitax Q4 after pruning will help it to grow even more. I hope the picture guide will help explain it even more 

img 0175 Pruning once flowering rambling roses
The rambling rose once it’s finished flowering showing both flowered wood and new growth
img 0176 Pruning once flowering rambling roses
The new growth! This is what you want! Please please please don’t cut these off, try and tie in during the season before flowering
img 0185 1 Pruning once flowering rambling roses
Prune back the flowered stems to a nice new growth, always find its best to do this for all stems can thin out older ones or not as good ones after you have finished and have a chance to review what’s left
img 0186 Pruning once flowering rambling roses
Once I have pruned the stem, I lay it at right angles to the base of the plant so it out of the way and all together
img 0190 Pruning once flowering rambling roses
Once all the flowered wood is pruned away, I start tying in the new growth, using the longest ones growing from the base if possible, tying them to cover as much as possible
img 0193 Pruning once flowering rambling roses
I like to use a figure of 8 knot to secure the new growth to the fixings, don’t tie it too tight or the string will dig into the plant as it grows
img 0199 Pruning once flowering rambling roses
I try and train the stems in curves to encourage as many breaks of the flower growths next year as I can, it can also be useful to cover a bigger space with the really long growths, the shorter ones I use to cover the bare patches near the base of the plant.
img 0196 Pruning once flowering rambling roses
The finished pruned plant, note the amount of waste produced, pruning like this does produce a lot of waste, all there is left to do now is feed the plant with Vitax Q4 and tie in the new growth once every 2weeks and enjoy the flowers next summer
img 2858 Pruning once flowering rambling roses
The rose flowering the following year
img 3860 Pruning once flowering rambling roses
This rambling rector is spread out more but is still pruned the same way
img 3866 Pruning once flowering rambling roses
This rambler is pruned the same way but the new growths are wrapped around the pillar, going both clock and anti-clockwise
011 Pruning once flowering rambling roses
The new growths can be turned into any shape you like and will flower well!

Really they are that easy, just a case of removing the old flowered wood and tie in the new stems, they are really as simple as that. I tend to use just my silky pruning saw, my trust Tobisho SR1 secateurs to prune and nutscene 3ply twine to tie in. 

I hope you enjoyed the blog and found it useful! 

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The curse of the rose sawfly

img 0253 The curse of the rose sawfly

img 0110 The curse of the rose sawfly

It almost sounds like a horror movie, well it could well be if you get them on your roses. The large Rose sawfly, Arge pagana, has really increased over the last couple of years and is becoming a real problem on roses. This beautiful insect gets its name sawfly by the way it lays its eggs, it has a sawlike egg laying dagger that it uses to cut into the rose stems to lay its eggs, these cuts can be from 25mm to 75mm in length and it's quite amazing to watch it. Once the eggs are laid, they hatch quite quickly into caperpillers. These little beasts are again pretty obvious compared to other caterpillars. If you get near them, they stick their bodies out trying to look like the veins on a chewed leave, if that doesn't work, its next trick is to fall to the ground and once safe, the crafty little so and so's, then climb back up the plant once the danger has gone! Don't let that fool you though, they will strip your rose bare of leaves faster than you can believe and having up to 3 broods a year, well worth looking out for their tale tell signs of the scar on the young stems on the roses.
img 0253 The curse of the rose sawfly
Treatment is pretty easy on smaller roses, if you notice the cut lines in time, just cut out the damaged section and add to the green bin or rubbish bags. If they have hatched into hungry caterpillars, place your hand underneath to catch any that will drop off the plant and just squash them in your fingers! If you are a little Squeamish, best way is to put a tray underneath the branch and tap them onto it and then add to green waste bin. If they are really covering the plant or covering a climbing rose, spraying maybe the only choice, sometimes putting a white sheet underneath and then try and blast them off with a high pressure blast of water and stamp on what falls down or collect into a plastic tub and leave them out for the birds otherwise a spraying with something like provado will kill most of them on the plant, try and spray first thing in the morning or last thing at night to avoid other insects. This is always a last resort for me. I prefer to use as little insecticides as possible. 

Anyway just watch out for these little beasties on your roses before they strip them of most their leaves!
img 1248 1 The curse of the rose sawfly

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6 on Saturday 22/07/2017

img 0206 6 on Saturday 22/07/2017

Well it doesn’t seem a week ago I was thinking about last saturdays 6, thankfully we have had a bit of rain and my plants have benefitted from it and carrying on giving me loads of flower. It’s made this week choice of 6 pretty easy. Some of these six have been flowering for months now and are cracking value for money. So here’s my six for this week 

img 0206 6 on Saturday 22/07/2017
Geranium ‘Mavis Simpson’ sorry yes another Hardy geranium but she is a cracker! Been flowering since May with me and still lots to come, will trim her back in a couple of weeks, can’t bring myself to do it to her looking as good as this!
img 0208 6 on Saturday 22/07/2017
Rosa ‘Louis XIV’ well for those who have followed my blog for a while, will remember this one from my rose watch and it’s still going so strongly now, must be on 5th flowering now, such a beautiful rich colour and brilliant scent and who said heritage roses only flowered once!
img 0209 6 on Saturday 22/07/2017
Tulbaghia violacea ‘Silver Lace’ This variegated form of Society Garlic thrives in my soil here despite it being a South African plant, is pretty Hardy here as well, starts flowering about now and looks beautiful growing though the Catanche too
img 0210 6 on Saturday 22/07/2017
Stachys Byzantina ‘Big Ears’ time for a bit of foliage and let’s be honest, this is a cracker, I love the softness, the size, the colour indeed everything about this plant I love, makes brilliant ground cover too!
img 0211 6 on Saturday 22/07/2017
Verbena bonariensis. Can’t really say too much about this plant that’s not been written before, it’s a beautiful plant that almost gives a purple haze though the borders, I just love it and it’s not just me either, butterflies and bees are also mega fans.
img 0207 6 on Saturday 22/07/2017
Lanata camara ‘Miss Huff’ time to plant up my containers this week and I love Lanata, their bright colours really light up my pots, their bright colours work so well with my other choices that I am sure you will see soon. Again it’s another plant the bees and butterflies love too

Well that’s my 6 on Saturday, I hope you enjoyed them! This brilliant meme is hosted by https://thepropagatorblog.wordpress.com/, there’s some other very good 6 on Saturday there, please take a look and enjoy them, I love taking a journey though other people’s gardens, seeing their great plants 

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Rose of the week- Buff beauty 

rosa buff beauty 2 Rose of the week  Buff beauty 

rosa buff beauty6 Rose of the week  Buff beauty 
This is the last rose of the week this week as I will be going back to the plant of the week not because the rose season is over, indeed far from it, the roses in my garden are still flowering away so well, just feel I want to carry on exploring other plants, with the Butterfly count starting, I think it would be great to focus on plants that butterflies love as well, during the survey time. 

rosa buff beauty 2 Rose of the week  Buff beauty 
So on with the Rose of the week and I have left one of the best roses until last, buff beauty. This rose brings back memories of childhood as my dad planted one alongside a path to the White House ( no not The White House!) that grew into a fine specimen, pretty disease free and full of these beautiful buff yellow colour flowers, delightly scented and flowered all summer long. Buff Beauty is a hybrid musk rose, a wonderful group of roses are thought to be a cross between rosa multiflora, chinensis and moschata and the hybrid teas from early 20th century. These crosses were started by the Rev Joseph Pemperton at his home, the round house, Havering atte bower, Romford, Essex, a house he was both born (1852)and died (1926). He wanted to bred roses like he remembered from his childhood visits to his grandmas houses, rose that not only looked beautiful but also smelt wonderful! And he succeeded with this wonderful range of plants. We know one of the parents and that’s William Allen Richardson, (a beautiful yellow noisette) sadly not the other. But there’s also a little confusion about whether he did bred the rose, it was introduced by Ann Bentall, in 1936. Ann was the daughter of Pemerton’s head gardener and it is thought she introduced it from his garden. Others have said she wanted to carry on his rose breeding programme and bred this rose and another. My feeling is that it’s the first version that is true, looks so much like his type of breeding, I may aso be incorrect. 

img 5740 Rose of the week  Buff beauty 
No matter where it came from, its a great great garden plant, I have used it as a small climber, shrub and a bush rose to great effect, as a bush I prune it down to 300mm in the spring and then it responds with 600mm lengths of growth. It will make about 1.5-1.75m in height as a climber and it works so well with underplanting of blues, as I have said it’s pretty disease free and will grow away quite happy on most soils as long as it well fed. 

It can be brought from most of the main rose dealers like David Austin roses, Peter Beales and Trevor White Roses. 

img 1296 Rose of the week  Buff beauty 

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Rose of the week- Stanwells perpetual 

stanwell perpetual Rose of the week  Stanwells perpetual 

stanwell perpetual Rose of the week  Stanwells perpetual 
This rose is a slight oddity, it doesn’t fit into the ‘normal’ brackets of our garden roses that we like to add them too, it even doesn’t quite fit into wild shrub rose bracket I like to add the more species based roses into. But that doesn’t make it a bad rose, it just means we humans can’t add it into a ‘bracket’ like we do to understand things. So why is it so difficult to label? Well it’s a cross between rosa pimpinellifolia and an autumn damask rose that happened by accident in a garden in stanwell, Middlesex. It was introduced a few years later by Lee of Hammersmith in 1838. The rose pimpinellifolia is a suckering wild shrub that can be found around Europe including the UK, it tends to flavour a poorish soil and will take over sand dunes quite happily. 

rosa stanwell perpeual Rose of the week  Stanwells perpetual rosa stanwell perpetual Rose of the week  Stanwells perpetual 
It does make a shrub up to 5ft tall if allowed but it does make a pretty lax plant that needs the support of the older branches, the thorns are pretty fine and very numerous on the shrub but that adds to its charm added to the greyish green fine foliage that makes a brilliant drop back for the lovely pale pink quartered flowers that have the most delightful scent, that are indeed are borne all summer long and well into the autumn months followed by some large black hips. It is a beautiful rose, one that is at home in a border and also at home in the more wild parts of the garden and was indeed Gertrude Jekylls favourite rose to plant into this type of area. Normally such heavenly quartered flowers aren’t good for bees but this one is the exception and will attract bees in quite happily. It is also an exceptionally tough rose, it will take all soil conditions apart from heavy clay and will also take a shady spot in the garden. In her book of roses, Gertrude Jekyll, recommends planting them 1ft apart to form a self supporting group, from my experience, I would agree with her and found it does make a better specimen if treated like that, otherwise it makes a pretty arching shrub. Can be trained into a informal hedge as well. Pruning is dead easy, almost as easy as rambling roses! Any long growths reduced by 2/3rds and remove expired wood and that’s it! Pretty disease free as well. A great rose to start with! 

Can be brought from most nurseries and garden centres as well as being seen in most good gardens. 

stanwell perpetual 2 Rose of the week  Stanwells perpetual 

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6 on Saturday 

img 0006 6 on Saturday 

Well felt it was right to join in with another garden blogging friend, The Propagater, www.thepropagatorblog.wordpress.com with his idea of 6 plants of interest each week on a Saturday. Sadly my garden is quite small, indeed even a couple of postage stamps would struggle to fit into my garden, so for me, it might be every couple of weeks, otherwise it would the same ones every week! 

img 0006 6 on Saturday 
My first is the paper like flowers of Catanache caerula, a tough little Herbaceous plant that’s a member of the daisy family. It gets to about 18inches high in my garden and loves a nice sunny spot here in my borders 

img 2833 6 on Saturday 
Next one has to be a rose, this one is a rambler called ‘Blushing Lucy’ and was planted about 3yrs ago to cover my dividing wall with my neighbours. This year, it’s finally got going this year with some great new growth,so it’s looking even better for next year 

img 0067 6 on Saturday 
Gaura RosyJane is one of Rosemary Hardys finds and it is one of my favourite Gauras. They are a plant that’s gained a bit of favour in the last few years and rightly so, need a sunny free draining spot in your garden

img 0065 6 on Saturday 
Hydrangea quercifolia ‘Applause’ only the second year of this beauty in my garden, I have a love of oak leaved hydrangeas and this form I brought from Head Gardeners Plants down in the new forest, really doing well in my free draining chandlers ford garden 

img 0069 6 on Saturday 
Armeria maritima ‘Pride of Düsseldorf’ time for a little alpine and I do like my alpines, this beautiful form of sea thrift loves my alpine pot, built with fossils me and my boy found in Dorset a couple of years ago, like all Armeria needs a free draining soil.

img 0005 6 on Saturday 
Geranium ‘Azure Rush’ well it looks a little like Rozanne but it’s a lot lower growing and pretty well behaved. It doesn’t take over the borders but gives you a summer of flowers. Well worth growing! 

Well that’s my 6 for this week, will be back in 2 weeks time with another 6 I hope! Until then, I hope you enjoy these ones

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Rose of the week – Perle d’0r

img 0396 Rose of the week   Perle d0r

img 0396 Rose of the week   Perle d0r
This week it’s the turn of a lovely small rose, one that’s been around my top 20 favourite roses of all time, (the list is pretty fluent, as all favourite plant lists should be) for 28yrs now, really since I started work in his great field. I fell in love with its small perfectly formed scented flowers, borne all summer long on this small plant. The colour works so well so many other plants and it’s one of those roses that really is a delight to have in the garden.

Perle d’Or Is classed a Pom-Pom rose, odd group of roses, most a cross from a small China rose and the Japanese muliflora rose, sometimes they are then cross bred with tea roses to make a odd group of roses. These crosses have resulted in some wonderful forms of roses including Perle d’Or. Perle d’Or was bred in France by the breeder Joseph Rambaux in 1875, he was a gardener at Parc de la Tete d’Or , a beautiful garden in Lyon. But it wasn’t until his son in law, Francis Dubreuil, a tailor originally but lured to the trade after developing a love of roses, introduced some of his father in laws roses after he had sadly passed away. Perle d’Or was introduced in1883. 

It’s parents were rosa muiltflora and Mme Falcot, tea rose. This resulted in a plant that left alone can make 4ft in size if left unpruned but can be kept down to 2ft in size if required. The lovely rich coloured flowers start a rich warm yolk oranges and opens into pale salmon mixed with cream colour. The flowers are borne over the summer months and have quite a beautiful rich scent. The foliage is a good rich green which really helps to enhance the flowers. It is generally pretty disease free as long as it is in a good rich soil, it doesn’t like to be under too much stress. 

It can be found flowering at Mottisfont Abbey Gardens and is available from Peter Beatles roses and David Austin roses 

img 0399 Rose of the week   Perle d0r

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Let’s not forget our heritage roses 

img 0374 Lets not forget our heritage roses 
The pull of the English roses is very great, they are indeed brilliant roses, flowering normally for long periods of time, most with great scent and with fabulous blooms, they are indeed great garden plants and make a worthy addition to most gardens. so let’s make it clear, this isn’t a ‘knocking’ blog against them but a blog singing the praises of older roses, some having being bred over 500yrs ago and make equally great garden plants, that in flower, scentand disease resistance are at least equal to the English roses and in some cases, dare I say it better. It is also a blog questioning why, in some historic gardens, old historic rose gardens as being replanted with just the modern varieties. Yes I can see and understand the pull of having some newer ones within the collections but why replace the whole lot with newer forms? When, in both the historical setting and the beauty of some of the old varieties would fit in so much into the garden. Roses named in honour of historic figures, at age of the original rose garden, would help certainly in leading the eduction of visitors into the world at the time when the house and garden was possiblily at its greatest. Or even marking major world anniversaries like the battle of Waterloo, roses with roses like the ‘Empress Josephine’ and ‘Chapeau de Napoleon’, heroines like ‘Grace Darling’, or a couple of the great houses of England, Yorkshire and Lancastershire. Learning French history? French Revolution.? Adelaide d’Orleans’ may bring it to life even more. They are like a history and culture lesson mixed with beauty, scent, all in one little pocket.

But I hear you cry ‘ these ere old roses only flower once, what’s the point of having something that does nought for the rest of the year!’  It is true that some of the forms like gallica, centifolias and albas tend to flower just the once per year, sometimes a little Second flush in September. But mixed in amongst other roses and shrubs with longer span of interest or even grown as a small climber, it can come and give you a little splash of colour and scent that’s quite unique for these plants. It also gives you something to look forward to, a bit like your birthday, if you had one everyday during the summer, you would get bored wouldn’t you, birthdays are something to look forward too, watching the post everyday leading up to the big day, letting the  anticipation slowly build up, just like going outside and seeing the buds forming, the colour, slowly creeping in and bang the day comes and the highly scented natural work of art opens but unlike our birthdays, this display goes on for 3 weeks of pure enjoyment. But also what about the 100’s of other forms of the heritage roses that flower all summer long, the Portlands, some Moss roses, Bourbons, Hybrid Perpetuals, China’s Tea roses , florundias and Hybrid Teas, yes yes you read the last couple right, floribundas and Hydrid Teas and been around and bred since the 1850’s and have some great old forms well worth trying, they will fill your garden with scent and flowers all summer long!


But but they are full of disease! What rot! No more than modern roses and indeed can be far less. Well admittedly you can buy supposed disease free roses, the first few years they are, but soon the fungus mutates and starts to infect the plant. Yes there’s the odd one that does grow a little weakly and do get a bit of disease but that’s the same with a lot of the modern roses. Some of the old roses like the Portland roses, Comte de Chambord, Rosa de Resht, Amande Patternotte, a lot of the once flowering roses gallica, centifolia, moss roses, alba roses are again pretty disease free, bourbon roses again are pretty tough and so are the hybrid pepetuals. Like all roses they will look a little worse for wear at sometime during the season, well apart rugosas, they are pretty disease free and they have lots of heritage rose forms like ‘blanc double de Combert’ and ‘Fru Dagmar Hastrup’. And if you prefer perfect leaves then it’s a programme of feeding, mulching and spraying to get the best of them. rosa blanc double de combert 2 Lets not forget our heritage roses 

So please please don’t just go to the local garden centre and pick up the lastest modern rose that the magazines and internet is praising to high heaven, take a little time, a little bit of research and choose a rose that have stood the test of time, entrilled thousands of people over hundreds of years with their beauty and try an old hertiage Rose, you may be pleasantly surprised

rosa gloire de dijon 3 Lets not forget our heritage roses 

Footnote One of the excellent comments I received, I feel is worthwhile adding to the article and here it is

I couldn’t agree with you more, Tom! The old heritage varieties bring not only beauty but also grace and elegance to the garden. Their blooms are perfectly placed and poised upon the plant, and, if sensitively pruned, will arch out into natural arbours. True, many of the Austin hybrids are very beautiful, but their blooms seldom sit comfortably upon the bush. When it comes to Roses, “Big” isn’t always “Best”. One further point in support of the older Midsummer only flowering roses which you touch upon, and that is what I call “the joy of anticipation”. Nothing beats the pleasure of the first unfolding of that summers flowers following an 11 month wait. But if you can’t wait that long, then try ‘Comte de Chambord’; ‘Jacques Cartier’; ‘Rose de rescht’ ‘Salet’; ‘Mousseline’; ‘Indigo’; ‘Amada Paternotte’, ‘Reine des Violettes’; ‘Gruss an Aachen’ and its pink form aka ‘Irene Watts’ etc!

Go on. Give ’em a go!

Thank you very much 🙂

2YnoBk1500924993 Lets not forget our heritage roses 
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Rose of the week- Duchesse de Buccleugh

img 0352 Rose of the week  Duchesse de Buccleugh

img 0351 Rose of the week  Duchesse de Buccleugh
I must admit I have surprised myself this year, few weeks in and I still haven’t had a Gallica as rose of the week and it’s about time I put that criminal act right so this week I have chosen the beautiful Duchesse de Buccleugh. This lovely once flowering rose delights us with her highly scented flowers for 3-4 weeks of the year from early June to late June. The Gallicas as a whole are one of the oldest cultivated plants in our gardens, thought to be grown since roman times and were the first group of roses to really catch the gardeners and rose breeders eyes. Many of thousands of hybrids have been bred over the centuries, many been lost to the ravages of time but we are left with some beautiful plants, both gallicas and also some many other hybrids have some gallica in their blood.  

img 0355 Rose of the week  Duchesse de Buccleugh
The Duchesse de Buccleugh breeding is something that is greatly debated in the the rose world some experts think it was bred by one of the worlds leading rose breeder in the 19th century, vibert in 1837 and others including the great Graham Thomas felt was bred by Robert in 1846. Who is right, we may never know, the work of tracing the rose back to the breeder is a hard one, lists lost in both time and the many wars that that raged in France over the centuries. Descriptions in French, no photos just 3-4lines in 170yr old catalogues. I almost feel that the history of who the plant was named after may hold the answer to who bred it, but will leave that up to you to decide

img 0346 1 Rose of the week  Duchesse de Buccleugh
Thankfully  there’s lots of information on the Duchesse de Buccleugh, born Lady Charlotte Anne Thynne at the Thynne family seat of Longleat in Wiltshire on 10 April 1811, home to lord Bath and it is still in the family today, On 13 March 1829, she married Walter Montagu-Douglas-Scott, 5th Duke of Buccleuchat St George’s, Hanover Square, London and became  Duchess of Buccleuch. In 1841, she became mistress of the robes to Queen Victoria and though that role became good friends with her. Victoria also became god mother to her eldest daughter. The Duchesse was indeed a great gardener and worked hard on the garden at her family home, Drumlanrig Castle, Scotland. She stayed there until her husband sadly pasted away in 1884, after which she moved to Dinton park, slough, England, developing the garden until she sadly passed away in 1895.

This beautiful rose is at home in growing in most soils but unlike a lot of other roses will grow quite happy in tough, thin, poor soil, indeed the gallicas can be found wild in the south of France. They will cope with those tough conditions but look better in richer soils. These tough roses are also pretty disease free for roses and you can get away with spraying them. She is best grown on a rootstock as if they are grown on their own roots, they have a habit of being very friendly and spreading all over the garden. Can be made into a beautiful hedge 

The rise can be found growing at Mottisfont Abbey gardens and can be found at the folllowing nurseries Peter Beatles roses, David Austin roses and Trevor white roses 

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Rose of the week-Koenigin Von Danemark 

rose konigin von danemark3 Rose of the week Koenigin Von Danemark 

rose konigin von danemark3 Rose of the week Koenigin Von Danemark 
This weeks Rose of the week  is another shrub rose, this time it’s a great alba rose, Koenigin Von Danemark or the Queen of Denmark. The alba roses are thought to be from an very old cross between rosa damascena and a form of rosa canina. They have certainly been around for many centuries and indeed rosa alba ‘Maxima’ is thought to be the white rose of York. Koenigin Von DaneMark was bred from seedling from another alba rose, Maidens Blush in 1816 by the Scotsman James Booth. He had a nursery in Flottbek near Hamburg, Germany although at the time, it was part of Denmark. The new seedling started like as Great  Maidens Blush and was changed to its current name after James Booth asked permission to name the rose after the Queen from the King of Denmark and was sold from as this from 1826. 

rose konigin von danemark Rose of the week Koenigin Von Danemark 
Koenigin Von Danemark is indeed one of the truely great heritage roses. It has the most beautiful buds that open up to sometimes quartered flower of a clear pink with sometimes a green button hole in the middle, the scents flowers are borne just from 4 weeks around about mid summers day in June. The foliage is also very good, a dark blue/green colour with a grey sheen, just like all other alba roses. It doesn’t tend to suffer too much for fungal diseases but those can be treated easily,  just click here for details. Growthwise it is pretty lax grower, making a shrub up to 6ft in size, but it can be (and is much better) grown up a wall, archway or just cascading out of a small tree. Like all others in the alba group, it can take North facing sites pretty well and same with semi shady spots. 

rosa koenigin von danemark1 Rose of the week Koenigin Von Danemark 
The Queen of Denmark or Marie Sophie Frederikke of Hesse-Kassel as she was born in 28 October 1767, eldest daughter of Landgrave Charles of Hesse-Kassel and Princess Louise of Denmark. She married her first cousin, Frederick, crown Prince of Denmark On 31 July 1790 in Gottorp, she married her first cousin Frederick, then crown prince of Denmark. In 1808, his father, Christian VII of Denmark passed away and Frederick became Frederick VI of Denmark on 13th of March, 1808 and Marie became a much loved Queen of Denmark and served as Queen until her husband died in 3rd of December 1839 after which she disappeared from public life, she died a few years later in 1852

img 0332 Rose of the week Koenigin Von Danemark 

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Rose of the week- Jeanne de Montfort

rosa jeanne de montfort2 Rose of the week  Jeanne de Montfort

 rosa jeanne de montfort Rose of the week  Jeanne de Montfort

Well we have had a couple of climbing roses so far in this series, so I think it’s time for a shrub rose. One of my favourite types of shrub roses has to be the Moss roses, with their soft sticky fragrant moss like growth around the buds, have a special place in my heart. They take me back to the hours of spent bloom removing, with the moss roses, leaving their spicy sweet scent on my hands for days after. The Moss roses are a sport of the centifolia rose, with the mossy growth is really the enlargement of the glandular projects over the flower stalk and bud.

jeanne de montfort 3 Rose of the week  Jeanne de Montfort
Jeanne de Montfort was bred by Monsieur Robert in 1851. Robert worked for the famous rose breeding family Vibert, from which he took over the nursery in Angers around 1851. It is one of the taller Moss roses, reaching a grand height between 6-7ft in height, not quite as vigourous as ‘William Lobb’. The clear warm pink beautifully scented flowers are borne over shiney green leaves and soft browny/red thorns and mossy growth. The flowers have their main display in June but also will sometimes flower later on in the season as well. Does suffer a little with foliage problems like most roses but information to treat them can be found here.

jeanne de montfort 2 Rose of the week  Jeanne de Montfort
But who on earth is Jeanne de Montfort and why is she named after a rose? Well Jeanne de Montfort was born in 1295, her father was LouisI, Count of Nevers and she married John of Montfort in 1329. In 1341, the Duke of Brittany JohnIII sadly passed away, being childless, there was no clear accession to the throne and this lead to the War of Breton Succession (thought to be the start of the 100yr war between England and France) between the Montfort and Blois family. After her husband was captured, Jeanne donned on a suit of amour and carried on the fight in her families honour, she enlisted the help of the English during some of the battles and to break the siege of Hennebout. She became well know as a very good military leader and a good fighter even during hand to hand combat during a sea battle on the way to England. After her husband was killed in battle in 1345, she became the leader of the Montfort family. The was continued but she moved to England and the fight was carried on by English lords on her behalf. Although she came to England as a heroine, she was conifined to Tickhill Castle on the Nottinghamshire/Yorkshire border by King Edward III, mainly to increase his power in Normandy. She sadly passed away in 1374. She has been discribed by mainly people as having “had the courage of a man and the heart of a lion”, thought to be a heroine of Joan of Arc and was a role model for Victorian feminists. The folktales of her life are still told in Brittany today.

img 0321 Rose of the week  Jeanne de Montfort